Metabolic Syndrome: Obesity, large belly, diabetes and high blood pressure.

Metabolic Syndrome: Obesity, large belly, diabetes and high blood pressure.

Metabolic Syndrome is a group of five conditions that increase the risk of chronic heart disease, diabetes, and stroke.


♦️The diagnosis

This condition is based on at least 3 of the following symptoms:
– A large waist circumference with a lot of fat accumulation around the waist: waist circumference more than 40 inches in men or 35 inches in women or shaped like an apple ( Thai criteria : more than 36 inches in men and 32 inches in women)
– High levels of triglycerides in the blood: more than 150 mg/dL.
-Low HDL or good cholesterol: less than 40 mg/dL for men or 50 mg/dL for women.
– High blood pressure: higher than 130/85 mm.Hg.
– High fasting blood sugar levels: greater than 100 mg/dL


♦️ Incidence
A study of people over 35 years in Thailand found that the current rate of people with this condition is nearly 30 percent, or 1 in 3 , similar to that of the United States. It is found in females more than males. The most common was having low HDL, followed by a too large waist circumference.


♦️The main cause of the metabolic syndrome
1. Obesity or overweight: It is caused by a diet too high in starch and fat, lack of exercise, and due to genetics. It also causes abnormal hormone secretion including insulin.

2. Insulin resistance is when the body has a decreased response to insulin from the pancreas, which is responsible for controlling blood sugar levels. As a result, blood sugar levels rise beyond normal. The cause of this condition is genetics and external factors such as eating too much starches or sugars, obesity, and older age including some medicine.

♦️ Symptoms
The symptoms of the disease depend on the severity. Sometimes there may not be any symptoms in the early stages, so it can be detected by annual health checks. When the disease has developed to a more severe level it may cause symptoms of diabetes such as frequent thirst, frequent urination at night, tiredness and fatigue, or blurred vision.
The key is this condition can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke. which may be life-threatening.


♦️ Treatment
Conventional treatment is, including medication and surgery. Modern integrative medicine is also used to combine treatment for greater efficiency and safety, such as hormone therapy, balancing fat burning, breakdown of excess fat, filtering fat from the blood, etc.


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